Pooropoly India

WTD Observes: India’s Rural To Urban Migration 

Migration is a worldwide issue. Although migration cannot be completely stopped, it can definitely be prevented. One of the most logical ways of dealing with migration is understanding why people are tempted to migrate from rural areas to the urban. For instance, villagers are often attracted to urban cities in search of better employment opportunities. Thus, if this need is looked into and more job demands are made available in rural India, fewer people will migrate to the cities.

Here are some ways we can stop the flux of migrants from leaving the rural areas:

Prevention methods:

 1. Infusion of more job-creating schemes by the government: 

As per a report at least, 29% of rural male migrate because of employment reasons. There is a need to create more and more job opportunities in villages and rural areas so that fewer people migrate to cities looking for jobs. The government needs to pump in more schemes and funds to create employment. For instance, The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act initiated by the government in 2005, was one of the biggest employment providing programmes for the development of rural India. One of the main objectives of the programme was to stop the migration of unskilled labourers by providing up to 100 days of wage employment.

2. Improving the basic infrastructure and connectivity:

Lack of sanitation, housing and basic infrastructure is another reason why people from villages migrate to the cities. To address this issue, the government has implemented a number of infrastructural plans and projects.

One apt example would be the Bharat Nirman plan. This project would uplift the areas of rural housing, water supply, electrification, and connectivity in the villages. Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) announced by PM Narendra Modi in 2014 to develop 6500 model villages by 2014.

3. Giving a boost to the agricultural sector in rural areas:

As more than half the rural population is dependent on the agriculture, giving a boost to this sector will help in more income generation for the farmers and peasants. Even giving protection to the farmers in case of crop failure can help in reducing their burden. 

4. Curbing population:

The population explosion in rural areas leads to migration. Thus there is an urgent need to for education and increased awareness about family planning in the villages. 

The main focus of such schemes is on improving access to contraceptives and ensure high-quality family planning services. Hence, the above corrective measures and government schemes can help curbing migration of individuals from rural to urban areas. The government also needs to focus on methods to cope with the already migrated rural to urban families and how to improve their living standards. 

Coping techniques

1. Provision of affordable housing to the urban poor:

One of the biggest issues faced by the people who have migrated from the villages is housing. Apart from lack of knowledge and contacts, most of them cannot afford the exorbitant rents of the houses. As a result, they are forced to stay in slums or create one. This issue was addressed by the government sponsored initiatives called Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) launched in 2005. This scheme provides basic services for the urban poor including providing affordable housing to them. It further includes provision of land tenure, sanitation, education, health and social security.

2. Imparting the necessary skills required for a job

The people that migrate from rural to urban areas usually have very little information about where to go, what to do, where to live, what are the job opportunities available and most importantly, the skills to work for certain types of jobs. These migrants need to be educated in skill acquisition and job placements even before they reach the cities.

The Tata Trusts have developed a team of ‘mitras’ or buddies to help the migrants. They visit the villages and train men and women in developing their skills and then landing them jobs.

3. Setting up centers for aiding the rural population:

The government should set up centers to educate the migrants, who are often lost in the cities. They should be made aware of different social security schemes provided by the government.  Most of the time the migrants are not aware of the various benefits like subsidies and welfare schemes. They should also be made aware of the different identity documents they might have not still issued. Further, there should be helplines established for the rural people.

The government should set up centers to educate the migrants, who are often lost in the cities. They should be made aware of different social security schemes provided by the government.  Most of the time the migrants are not aware of the various benefits like subsidies and welfare schemes. They should also be made aware of the different identity documents they might have not still issued. Further, there should be helplines established for the rural people.

The government should set up centers to educate the migrants, who are often lost in the cities. They should be made aware of different social security schemes provided by the government.  Most of the time the migrants are not aware of the various benefits like subsidies and welfare schemes. They should also be made aware of the different identity documents they might have not still issued. Further, there should be helplines established for the rural people.

The government should set up centers to educate the migrants, who are often lost in the cities. They should be made aware of different social security schemes provided by the government.  Most of the time the migrants are not aware of the various benefits like subsidies and welfare schemes. They should also be made aware of the different identity documents they might have not still issued. Further, there should be helplines established for the rural people.

WTD Observes: India’s Rural To Urban Migration  was last modified: by
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