One of the biggest impacts of climate change is the impact that it will have on world geography. The geography textbooks that our generation learned from are going to look very different from those that our children will study.
Growing pollution = Abandoned cities
Desertification = Inhabitable land
Melting icecaps = Rising sea level = Flooded coastlines
Imagine, in a few decades, our most popular cities will be underwater, architectural wonders destroyed and forests will turn into deserts.
Here’s our illustrated version of the world as it looks today and as it will look in 2050. Can you spot the differences?
In Australia, the world will lose one of its most prized natural wonders, the Great Barrier Reef, to climate change thanks to the acidification of seawater. By 2035, it will be down to half its size. South Australia will become a desert. Rising sea levels will mean by 2050, Fiji will be a smaller island and Tegua will be gone.
In Africa, rising temperatures have turned all of North Africa into a desert and Mount Kilimanjaro is no longer snowcapped. By 2050, the forests of Madagascar will have significantly decreased thanks to regular forest fires and aggressive deforestation.
In Europe, one of the world's most iconic cities - Venice- will have disappeared underwater by 2030 and by 2050, the snowcapped mountains of the Alps will have gone.
In the Americas, the first big signs of climate change will be seen in Montana's Glacier National Park, which will have decreased by almost 84%. The Northern Tundra in Alaska will be gone by 2050. The worst will be the loss faced by arguably one of the most important cities in the world - New York City, of which significant parts will be submerged due to rising sea levels.
Asia will be most affected by climate change. By 2030, the island nation of Maldives will have completely disappeared along with the city of Bangkok due to rising sea levels. Shanghai will be inhabitable due to the air pollution and the Great Wall of China will most likely be dilapidated due to over-farming and air pollution. Things will get much worst by 2050, 50% of Bangladesh will be underwater, along with the Majuli Island, Mumbai and Jakarta. The Dead Sea will have disappeared. Plus, the Ganga will have overflowed to the level that Kolkata may be inhabitable.