India spends approximately 4% of its GDP on healthcare. When we compare figures with other nations, what comes to light are the serious loopholes in the health sector in India. United Kingdom, a developed nation, spends double the amount on its healthcare. Well, they are a developed and we are still developing, so is it obvious we can shell out fewer funds. Not really. We spend the least on healthcare amongst all the BRICS nation as well.
So, from the infant mortality rate to access to improves sanitation, here is where we stand compared to the U.K.
Here is a detailed explanation of the above infographic:
1. Percentage of GDP spent on healthcare:
The development in the healthcare sector depends a lot on how much a particular nation spends on it. One of the prime reason India is still lagging behind in healthcare is the minute funds allocated in the health sector. While developed nation like the U.K. spends approximately 9.6% on the sector, India spends half of it – 4.7%*.
2. Life expectancy:
Life expectancy is the number of years a person is expected to live based on statistical average. Life expectancy is a major indicator of the overall health of a nation. So, higher the life expectancy, healthier is the nation. The global life expectancy is 71 years. The life expectancy in UK is 81 years, whereas in India it is 68 years. As per a WHO report published in 2015, India ranks 126 whereas UK ranks 20th.
3. Clean water facilities and improved sanitation:
More than half the population in India are living without proper sanitation facilities and access to toilets. This is bound to get people prone to diseases like typhoid and diarrhea. Thus, improved sanitation facilities are a top priority in our country. Especially, when the numbers are so low in our country. As of 2015, only 40% of Indians had access to proper sanitation facilities. This might seem a good number. But not when compared to other nations which have 100% of their population being able to access improved sanitation.
4. Infant mortality rate:
Infant mortality rate indicates number of deaths of children under age of one year. Higher the infant mortality rate means more infants die under the age of one. There are various factors that contribute to infant mortality and lack of good medical infrastructure is one of them. In India, there are 39 infants deaths per 1000. Which is quite high when compared to the UK standards- 4 per 1000.
5. Bed per 1000 patient:
Infrastructure plays a very important role in the healthcare sector. Infrastructure includes hospitals, trained staff, basic resources, medical equipment and so on. In India, many patients die due to lack of access to healthcare and treatment. As per the Planning Commission, we lag behind most other countries when it comes to number of beds per 1000 people. We do not even have one bed per 1000 people as per a report in 2011. 0.9 per 1000 patients to be precise. Whereas the UK has 2.8 beds per 1000.
6. Doctor per 1000 patients:
When talking about healthcare, we cannot ignore the number of trained doctors available to treat the patients. Well, in that too India is lagging far behind the developed nations. We do not even have one doctor per 1000 people (0.5 per 1000). There is a serious shortage of well-trained doctors, which is also an important reason why health care in India is so bad. On the other hand, UK has 5.4 doctors per 1000 patients. And same is the case for nurses as well.