If you live in a developing country, you’ve noticed the consequences of climate change. Droughts, excessive rainfall and even cyclones and tsunamis have become all too frequent. And hate to be a pessimist, but considering how badly the global effort to fight climate change is going (thanks, President Trump), we’d better prepare for the worst.
Here is what the government and nations need to do to adapt to the climate change:
Spoiler Alert: It’s not about fighting the water, it’s living with the water.
Frequent floods and rise in sea levels are an inevitable consequence of climate change. As incidents like these increase in frequency, cities need to be planned accordingly. In a bid to save the population, scientists have come up with the floating homes and farms, designed to adapt the rising and falling water levels. The houses stay on the ground during the dry season but rise with the sea level during floods. With the changing geography of the world (See: Prime Property After The Flood), innovations like these will save millions from leaving their homes and migrating to other cities.
Irregular rains, extreme heat and pest influxes hit crops and the agricultural activities in a big way. The immediate solution is developing technology to make crops resilient to harsh and extreme weather, but scientists are innovating different ways other ways to protect our food too.
For instance, one of them is the Fungal Symbionts, which is exposing vulnerable crop species to fungi that makes them more stress tolerant to changing weather. This technology works best for drought-prone areas. This technology successfully experimented on watermelon and tomato seeds – roots which died at 38°C, now survived at 50°C to 70°C.
While ports, railways and airports are vulnerable to rising sea level, extreme temperature has an impact on the performance of road surface material as well.
Material like asphalt currently used for roads, expand under excess heat causing damages like rutting and uprooting thousands of trees. Thus, to make roads more climate resilient, experts are thinking of ways to change the surface mix material. Newly developed pavement mixtures like Warm-Mix Asphalt, Engineered cementitious composite etc have higher heat resistance and are ideal for both warmer and colder climates.
Thanks to Albedo, water bodies are warming at a faster rate with oceans absorbing highest percent of heat. This increased ocean acidification possess a great threat to coral reefs. With at least 93% of the Great Barrier Reef damaged due to coral bleaching, there is an urgent need to save the depleting coral reefs.
So that’s where Bio Rocks come as a savior. Bio rocks are steel frames which run at a low voltage current. This electricity interacts with minerals in water, followed by a chemical reaction, which produces limestone. Limestone provides a good substrate for the corals to grow on.
This technology provides coral reefs with energy to grow faster and resist to environmental threats. As per studies, coral reefs grow 8 times faster on a Bio Rock, recover 20 times faster from damage and are 50 times more resistant to the climate change.
We have reached a point where just reducing carbon emission will not help. We need to suck up the emission at a much faster rate. Well, for that we need to plant many, many trees. (400 million to be precise). But, neither we have the time, nor the land. So, scientists came up with artificial trees or treepods which can suck up CO2 1000 times faster than the natural ones. These trees are an amalgamation of thin plastic leaves with resins which help to suck the carbon. As per experts, these trees can absorb up to one tonne of CO2 per day.
While the government in many nations have already taken small steps by building sea walls, shifting to renewable energy etc, these unconventional and unusual ways too need to be incorporated.